Philosophy of Consciousness

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In this article, the author gives definitions of such notions as consciousness, sub-consciousness, being and entity for any biological or non-biological objects. He also considers these notions in relation to computer systems. Different approaches to objective estimation of various objects’ consciousnesses are also suggested. Besides, the writer offers the way to determine the exact point when a conscious object turns into a being or an entity.

Additional Key Words and Phrases: Consciousness; Subconsciousness; Superconsciousness; Knowing; Cognition; Awareness; Manifestation; Body; Organism; Being; Creature; Entity; Evolution; Human; Life; Life Cycle; AI; Artificial Intelligence; Computer; Computer Program; Operation System; Application; Software; Computer Science; Information; Information Carrier, Information Storage; Data; Alphabet; ABC; Word; Sentence; Phrase; Language; Concept; Thought; Brain; Thinking; Conceptual Thinking;

 

1. INTRODUCTION

Disputes over the interpretation of such notions as consciousness, subconsciousness and a being have been taking place throughout the history of the so-called modern humankind and provoke people’s interest up to this day. Nowadays these debates have reached their climax.

Scientists from various research centers actively develop different structures (e.g. devices, robots, mechanisms, and so on), which, as they claim, possess artificial intelligence.

So, now – like never before – there is a need to formulate unified terminology and related nomenclature, which will be used within various areas of research, such as artificial intelligence, robotics, biocybernetics, computer systems, etc. It will help modern researchers to find a common language, which, in its turn, will contribute toward development of the technologies that will benefit the whole humankind.

I think that the future of the modern humankind is tightly intertwined with answers to such questions as “What are consciousness and subconsciousness?”, “What is a Being?”

This paper is devoted to finding answers to these questions.

 

2. PROBLEM DESCRIPTION

“There is a conceptual gap between science, which stands for objective measurement and the conclusions we can draw thereby, and consciousness, which is a synonym for subjective experience. We obviously cannot simply ask an entity in question, “Are you conscious?” If we look inside its “head,” biological or otherwise, to ascertain that, then we would have to make philosophical assumptions in determining what it is that we are looking for. The question as to whether or not an entity is conscious is therefore not a scientific one. Based on this, some observers go on to question whether consciousness itself has any basis in reality.” [1] Ray Kurzweil

“Proposals have been regularly presented that purport to be scientific theories linking consciousness to some measurable physical attribute — what Searle refers to as the “mechanism for causing consciousness.” [1] Ray Kurzweil

 “As British psychologist and writer Stuart Sutherland (1927–1998) wrote in the International Dictionary of Psychology, “Consciousness is a fascinating but elusive phenomenon; it is impossible to specify what it is, what it does, or why it evolved.” [1] Ray Kurzweil

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“BALL-A-BALL” hardware-software complex

When I published “Our Thoughts Determine Our Destiny” article in my web blog, some inquisitive readers felt interest in such questions as the following:

  • Where do we get our “flows of thoughts” from?
  • Who creates “flows of thoughts”?
  • Who does constantly “babble” in our heads?
  • and so on.

 I realized that without answering these questions my further research would be difficult for readers understanding, so I devoted this chapter to Ball-a-ball analysis.

Based on the previously developed technologies, the author conducted several virtual experiments coming to interesting results:

The virtual experiment № 1.

The participants of this experiment are:

  • A meteorological station with its assistants a person observes;
  • A person who is near of this meteorological station;
  • A meteorological operator whose task is to answer the questions of this person.
  • A person asks a meteorological operator: “What will the weather be like in Kiev tomorrow?”.  – A meteorological operator replies: “The weather forecast in Kiev for tomorrow feels like: daytime temperature + 5, nighttime temperature + 1, moderate north east wind with a speed of 6 m/s and air humidity would be observed…”
  •  A person asks a meteorological operator: “Who is answering me?” and receives such an answer:  A meteorological operator …

 

The virtual experiment № 2.

The participants of this experiment are:

  • A meteorological station a person doesn’t observe;
  • A person who can be anywhere in the world;
  • The «SIRI» app (a voice assistant is a specially designed program with a defined level of artificial intellect. The Apple company developed it for their mobile devices such as iPhone). This app can control a voice of a person, give answers to his questions in one of the languages available for it. However, the answer will always contain terms and concepts understandable for a person).
  • The “Weather” app is a specially designed program with a defined level of artificial intellect. It can receive information from the weather stations anywhere in the world without having to contact their operators. When working, it is also able to use voice functions of the SIRI application).
  •  A person asks the SIRI app uploading into iPhone:   “What will the weather be like in Kiev tomorrow?”.  The «SIRI» app using its voice abilities and abilities of the Weather app, replies: “The weather forecast in Kiev for tomorrow feels like: daytime temperature + 5, nighttime temperature + 1, moderate north east wind with a speed of 6 m/s and air humidity would be observed…”
  •  A person asks a meteorological operator: “Who is answering me?” and receives such an answer: «SIRI». Continue reading